The District of Highlands is one of 13 municipalities located within the Capital Regional District (CRD), encompassing approximately 37 square kilometers and located northwest of Victoria, B.C. The majority of the residential population of approximately 2,100 obtains potable water from private, individual water wells. A small number of individual residences obtain potable water from local streams and lakes under surface water licenses.
Highlands Bylaw No. 154 outlines the standards for regulating the subdivision or development of land within the Highlands, including standards for sanitary sewage systems and standards for water service. Under Bylaw No. 154, each lot is required to have an individual well that has been evaluated by a qualified professional and meets the bylaw requirements, including a yield of at least 4,000 litres per day and compliance with minimum water quality guidelines.
In 2007 the District of Highlands contracted with Golder Associates to conduct research around local groundwater use which resulted in a three-phase groundwater protection report. You can find more information regarding that report here.
The Province of BC on February 29, 2016 announced several initial regulations that have now come into force under the Water Sustainability Act.